What threat did smallpox pose to the Continental Army?

Wartime Concerns Assignment The Assignment includes two short-answer question. Each answer should be 2 paragraphs in length and will be worth 5 points. For this Assignment, answer the following questions in paragraph form. Base your answer on the information presented in lesson. Be sure to use specific details and examples included in our lesson (including the assigned readings and videos). Answer the questions in your own words. 

1. What threat did smallpox pose to the Continental Army? How did Washington’s policy toward Smallpox and inoculation change over time? What did he order in 1777? Why did his policy regarding smallpox change over time?

 2. What were the main diplomatic concerns discussed in the lesson? What foreign policies were essential for the American victory? As you write, pay close attention to the requirements below. 

Requirements: Formatting: 12-point font, Times New Roman, double-spaced, one-inch margins. Points will be deducted if not formatted correctly. File format: Submit as either a .doc, .docx., or .pdf. If you submit any other file format, your assignment will not be graded. Length: Each paragraph should be at least six sentences long.

 Points will be deducted if sentences appear to have been intentionally shortened to meet the required number of sentences. Editing: Be sure to proofread your answer and use spellcheck before submitting. Points will be deducted for not doing so. Plagiarism: Plagiarism of any kind will result in automatic failure. Use of outside sources counts as plagiarism. Be sure to use quotation marks and note the author when you use another’s word, words, or wording- What threat did smallpox pose to the Continental Army?

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American Legal Systems – Fall 2022

CRMJ 2020 American Legal Systems – Fall 2022

TOPICS FOR THE FIRST REACTION PAPER

. Please write a reaction/response paper to one (only one) of the two questions below.

Formatting/general nature of the paper:

· Word document 4–5 pages long. This excludes abstract, title page, reference page etc. The body of the paper therefore will have at least 1,000 words , preferably more.

· At the top of the first page, indicate your name and which question you are responding to

· Double-spaced Times New Roman 12-point font with standard margins

· Pages numbered

· Use Word format

· This requires research beyond the course materials. You must read the entirety of the opinions you reference and look up publications/articles commenting on the cases.

· Use APA citation style. Look up APA citation style. A slide is also attached. Points will be DOCKED for failure to adhere to this requirement. The minimum page length count is exclusive of the references page

Question 1:

Both United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683 (1974) and Massachusetts v. Laird, 400 U.S. 886 (1970) concerned the Political Question Doctrine. [This is defined on p. 393, and discussed on pp 130-2 of the class text 8th. Ed.] Central to both cases was whether the actions at issue were within the discretion of the other co-equal branches and therefore not properly subject to judicial intervention and resolution by the Courts. Imagine that you were a SCOTUS justice in either of the cases.

Would you have voted with the majority or would you have dissented? Justify your vote. When providing reasons to justify your vote, feel free to draw upon (a) how binding you think this decision is now (b) considerations regarding the purposes, policies, and/or principles behind the political question doctrine under our constitutional system and (c) how clear you find this doctrine to be in the abstract, and how consistent has the court been in its application.

The paper should: (1) start by stating clearly whether you would have voted with the majority or whether you would have dissented; (2) then offer arguments justifying your vote in an organized way.

Question 2:

According to Black’s Law Dictionary, jury nullification is “[a] jury’s knowing and deliberate rejection of the evidence or refusal to apply the law either because the jury wants to send a message about some social issue that is larger than the case itself or because the result dictated by law is contrary to the jury’s sense of justice, morality, or fairness.” For the purposes of this response paper, assume that jury nullification can happen only in a criminal proceeding when a jury returns a verdict of “not guilty.” (Of course, a jury can acquit a criminal defendant even when it does not nullify – when it is not convinced beyond a reasonable doubt, on the basis of the law and the evidence, that the defendant is guilty. But if a jury nullifies, then it does so only by acquitting a criminal defendant.)

Does the possibility of jury nullification make the American criminal legal system better or worse (all things of relevance to justice, societal well-being, and the rule of law considered)?

The paper should: (1) start by taking a clear position on whether, all things considered, allowing for jury nullification makes the American criminal legal system, overall, better or worse; (2) then offer arguments in favor of that position in an organized way; and (3) then respond to at least one (you may respond to more than one) of the strongest arguments against that position- American Legal Systems – Fall 2022

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Nielsen Website and update PE Figure 12-1

Using your study of chapters 11 and 12 of Modern systems analysis and design and class discussions, review the applied case study “Petrie Electronics” as shown on page 435. Answer the following questions with details and propose clear solutions in 2-3 APA-formatted pages:

Visit the Nielsen Website and update PE Figure 12-1 based on guidelines and articles posted since this list was compiled. Add only elements you believe are essential and relevant to the design of “No Customer Escapes.”

How unique do you consider the human interface design guidelines for a Website to be from general application design guidelines? Justify your answer.

Search for other Web-based resources, besides the Nielsen Website, for Website design. (Hint: Look at the references at the end of this and prior chapters.) In what ways do the design guidelines you find contradict your previous answer? Explain the differences.

This chapter introduced the concepts of loyalty and trustworthiness as necessary for customers to interact with a Website. What elements could be added to a customer loyalty site such as “No Customer Escapes” to improve the levels of loyalty and trustworthiness of Petrie’s customers?

Valacich, J. S., & George, J. F. (2019). Modern systems analysis and design (9th ed.). Pearson. Print ISBN: 978-0135172759 eText ISBN: 978-0135172841

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traditional “top down” approach of job redesign as well as the newer “bottom up” approach of job crafting

CaseJOB REDESIGNCase Assignment

In the background materials you had a chance to read about the traditional “top down” approach of job redesign as well as the newer “bottom up” approach of job crafting. Before starting on this assignment, make sure you have thoroughly reviewed the readings and understand the key job redesign and job-crafting strategies. Once you have finished reviewing the background materials, apply what you’ve learned to the specific scenarios and questions below. Make sure to cite at least one of the required readings for each answer and try to cite at least four of the readings in your answer. Your paper should be 4–5 pages in length:

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  1. Relax Lines, Inc. is a luxury cruise line that has hired you as a job crafting consultant for two groups of their employees. The first group is the ship crew. The crew have responsibility for safety, navigation, and maintenance of the ship. The second group is the hospitality staff. The hospitality staff is tasked with making sure the passengers are enjoying themselves and are properly entertained with various events that this staff plans and prepares. Before arriving at the cruise line to do interviews and make recommendations, you first need to do some reading on what general approach you will use. As a first step, review Dik and Duffy (2012), where they discuss task crafting, relational crafting, and cognitive crafting. Which of these three types of job crafting do you think would be most appropriate for the ship crew, and which one do you think would be most appropriate for the hospitality staff? Also, read up on “job-crafting swap meets” in Wrzesniewski (2014). Do you think a swap meet would be appropriate for either ship crew members or hospitality staff? Any other strategy from Wrzesniewski (2014) that you think would be useful for either pilots or online marketers?
  2. The ABC Corporation has a team of telemarketers. The job description for the telemarketers is pretty basic: They call up potential customers who have visited his company’s web page and requested information about the product. Telemarketers’ performance evaluations depend mostly on their monthly sales as well as customer satisfaction surveys, and they receive monthly feedback reports. Their supervisor gives them some initial training, but these telemarketers have a lot of freedom to choose how and when to call customers. For example, they are free to customize their own sales pitch as long as they don’t mislead potential customers. Also, they are not required to fill out a time card or work at the office (they can work from home, if they want). As long as they are making enough monthly sales they are free to set their own schedules. While the telemarketing team is performing well, the company is concerned about high turnover among telemarketers and wants to do some job enrichment. Which of the five core job dimensions discussed in Bauer and Erdogan (2012) or page 9 of Griffin (2007) do you think should be revised the most during a job redesign intervention? Which ones do you think do not need to be revised? Explain your reasoning and cite some of the required readings in your answer.
  3. Suppose a sports injury clinic has three main practitioners. First, there is a general practitioner doctor who does the basic diagnosis of the injury and works with the patient to come up with an overall treatment program. This doctor also prescribes medicine as needed. Then there is a surgeon who specializes in sports injuries. This doctor only does surgery. Finally, there is a physical therapist who helps patients with exercise programs to help them recover. The owner of the clinic though becomes worried that these three practitioners are becoming bored and dissatisfied with their jobs and there is concern they might all leave unless their jobs change. However, given the high degree of training required for each of their specializations management is not sure how to go about making their jobs less monotonous and more rewarding. In general, would you recommend management undergoes a traditional job redesign approach or a job crafting approach? Which specific job redesign strategy or job crafting strategy would you recommend? For example, if you choose job redesign discuss whether you would recommend job rotation, enlargement, enrichment, etc. If you choose job crafting, refer to one of the specific strategies or interventions discussed in Wrzesniewski (2014) or Dik and Duffy (2012).
  4. Create a table with the definitions of the three main types of job redesign (job enlargement, job rotation, job enrichment) and the three main types of job crafting (task crafting, relational crafting, and cognitive crafting). Then write two paragraphs explaining which of the three types of job crafting are most similar to any of the three types of job redesign, and on what you think are the key differences between job crafting and job redesign based on the definitions in your table

What are your thoughts on pluralism? 

Please reply to each person (9 people). Cite each reply. This is a discussion board.

  1. Ali’s post

What are your thoughts on pluralism? 

Pluralism represents respect for diversity. In our world today, diversity is needed in this global economy. Everyone should be recognized for their unique background. 

Does it have a place everywhere? 

Pluralism has a place in a wide range of places. Diversity belongs in society, ethics, education, politics, ethnic relations, and legal reform. Pluralism has a place everywhere. 

Can you think of a place it doesn’t belong? 

I believe that our society has no place for extremist cults. Considered that with pluralism we need to respect diversity, one does not have to go against their moral code and respect an extreme cult.  

Do you think that our government still uses pluralistic principles? 

I do believe that our government still uses pluralistic principles. Many lawmakers are open-minded when faced with ethical views.   

How did the debate alter your view on that? 

The US is a country that is always changing for the better. Our constitution got amended to allow human rights and voting rights. Though views may differ, I believe that it is a part of the growth process for many to contradict other beliefs. 

Did you witness pluralism in Station Eleven or Beauty Salon?

In Station Eleven I noticed that Raymond mentioning ” Some towns are easier to visit than others. Some places have elected mayors or they’re run by elected committees. Sometimes a cult takes over, and those towns are the most dangerous.” To me those towns with elected representitves is a clue that pluralism exists. 

Reference

MANDEL, E. M. I. L. Y. S. T. J. O. H. N. (2014). Station eleven. ALFRED A. KNOPF. 

  1. Cole’s post

Hello Class,

1. My thoughts on pluralism are that it is a great concept to let every group feel included even minorities as long as it is implemented correctly.

2. I believe pluralism does have a place in society just not everywhere. as long as its implementation does not undermine its original goal of consensus. Everyone’s voice should be heard but not at the cost of others. if 9 people say the sky is purple and the 10th says it is blue you cannot say we all agree the sky is purple. there can be a majority opinion but not a shutdown of the minorities’ opinion. 

3. I believe pluralism does not have a place in an individual’s decision-making. You should not dictate how someone lives or the choices they make. an example of this would be people can come to a consensus on the moral right or wrong on a topic but it is still an individual’s free will to engage in that topic like abortion.  

4. I originally would have said no but now that I have had time to think about it and understand it I believe that the government still uses pluralistic principles like the electoral college or even just the division of power in the United States government.

5. I initially believed that the government did not use any pluralistic points of view but after listening to the debate I was completely wrong. The electoral college is formed on the principles of a pluralistic point of view so that no matter what the popular vote is the people who are a part of the minority still have a voice in who is the president.  

6. I witnessed pluralism in Station eleven. With this quote from when they are arriving at St. Deborah.“I’d suggest Lear for tonight,” said Sayid, an actor, “but I don’t know that we want to make this place more depressing.” “For once I agree with you,” Kristen said. The other actors were arguing. King Lear, because they’d been rehearsing it all week august looked nervous–or hamlet, because they hadn’t performed it in a month?”(John Mandel, Pg:44) The quote from station eleven shows the pluralism shown in which multiple people come together to decide which play is performed.

References

MANDEL, E. M. I. L. Y. S. T. J. O. H. N. (2014). Station eleven. ALFRED A. KNOPF. 

  1. Jeannie’s post

What are your thoughts on pluralism?

Pluralism is a good thing. I am an army brat. I have been surrounded by military members most of my life. As some of you may know the military is very diverse. You meet so many people from different backgrounds, regions, ethnicities, and religions. It’s eye-opening and fascinating. It’s the best example of pluralism I have experienced, and I find that each person has something unique that you can learn from.

Does it have a place everywhere?

To be honest I am not sure. One definition I found of religious pluralism states that it accepts multiple paths to God or gods. If this is the definition, then it is incompatible with my Christianity. Christianism teaches there is only one God. (Houdmann)

However, in another definition, “it is the state of being where every individual in a religiously diverse society has the rights, freedoms, and safety to worship, or not according to their conscience.” (aspeninstitute.org) This I agree with. My son is agnostic. I want him to be able to make his own choice. We both have two completely different views, but we have the same rights in our country to worship or not.

Can you think of a place it doesn’t belong?

I would restate that I am not sure pluralism belongs in religion. It depends on what religious pluralism means.

Do you think that our government still uses pluralistic principles?

While at times it feels like our country is run by Elitism, especially right now. I still have faith that there are so many checks and balances in place that pluralism wins in the end.

How did the debate alter your view on that?

The debate on if the Electoral college has outlived its usefulness did not alter my view on if I think our government still uses pluralistic principles. The electoral college is part of our checks and balances, and I think it is still essential to our voting process.

Did you witness pluralism in Station Eleven or Beauty Salon?

Yes, there are a few examples of pluralism in Station Eleven. The traveling symphony is a group of individuals with different backgrounds who share a love of music and theater. They all come together as individuals to do more than just survive but to thrive in the post-pandemic world. Another example is the people at the airport. A very diverse group that sticks together to survive.  

References

Houdmann, M. (2022 January 4). What is religious pluralism?

http://www.Gotquestions.org

Religious Pluralism101. 2019 July 17).

http://www.aspeninstitute.org

Mandel, E. (2015). Station Eleven.First Vintage Books

  1. Professor’s post ( Questions to me about my post) I attached my post below ⬇️ for reference

Hi Genesis,

Thank you for your post. In your second paragraph, you mention the LGBTQ community and Christians being uncomfortable around places of worship because they are perceived as aliens. It is true that some branches of Christianity do not support or accept the LGBTQ community. I can’t say that they view them as aliens but I do know that those who disapprove use morality and immorality as part of their argument. The part that confuses me is the idea that the LGBTQ community and Christians feel uncomfortable around places of worship. Can you explain? Also, are there other religions that make decisions about acceptance based on morality?

I’m also interested in the idea of Christian churches that might allow people of every community to come in but let them know that their behavior prevents them from being full members of the church or eligible for the afterlife. This is something I have witnessed and been aware of and I think it is another example of the many different ways that different branches and churches that identify as part of the Christian faith behave differently when it comes to certain attitudes, behaviors, and communities. Can you tell me about experiences or an experience that has formed your opinion? 

And I like the idea you begin with in your third paragraph but as I kept reading I wondered whether or not it’s the government who is not practicing pluralism or if it’s actually the public. What do you think? Is there anything the government can do about the systemic issues you describe or is it up to the people? 

And regarding your last paragraph, would pluralism have made a difference in either book? It’s not an easy answer but I’m curious to hear your thoughts.

Best,

Seth

The post that the teacher replied to this is only for reference to reply to the post above ⬆️

Hi Genesis,

Thank you for your post. In your second paragraph, you mention the LGBTQ community and Christians being uncomfortable around places of worship because they are perceived as aliens. It is true that some branches of Christianity do not support or accept the LGBTQ community. I can’t say that they view them as aliens but I do know that those who disapprove use morality and immorality as part of their argument. The part that confuses me is the idea that the LGBTQ community and Christians feel uncomfortable around places of worship. Can you explain? Also, are there other religions that make decisions about acceptance based on morality?

I’m also interested in the idea of Christian churches that might allow people of every community to come in but let them know that their behavior prevents them from being full members of the church or eligible for the afterlife. This is something I have witnessed and been aware of and I think it is another example of the many different ways that different branches and churches that identify as part of the Christian faith behave differently when it comes to certain attitudes, behaviors, and communities. Can you tell me about experiences or an experience that has formed your opinion? 

And I like the idea you begin with in your third paragraph but as I kept reading I wondered whether or not it’s the government who is not practicing pluralism or if it’s actually the public. What do you think? Is there anything the government can do about the systemic issues you describe or is it up to the people? 

And regarding your last paragraph, would pluralism have made a difference in either book? It’s not an easy answer but I’m curious to hear your thoughts.

Best,

Seth

  1. Desiree’s post

To be a successful leader you should understand Generational workforce characteristics and recognize potential clash points. By understanding your team you can manage more effectively.  Supervisors will need to encourage younger employees (Gen Z) to learn how to work in a structured workplace. Also, help older employees (Baby Boomer & Gen X) with he changes and upgrades of technology. The supervisor will need to mediate conflicts within a multigenerational workplace by understanding clash points. Supervisors need to be flexible and have an open mind to lead the Baby boomer, Gen X, Gen Y and Gen Z. Below are the Generational Workforce Characteristics Exhibit 22.8 page 644 Dunn and Haimann’s Healthcare Management. 

Born 1925-1945 Silenter (traditionalist)

  • Respectful to authority, Tactful, Hardworking
  • Values duty and sacrifice
  • Does as told, Values accountability 
  • Values practical experience
  • Work ethic=timeliness and productivity
  • Strong interpersonal skills and willpower
  • Promotions and recognition come with the job tenure
  • Values academic credentials
  • Accepts limited resources
  • Loyal to employer; expects loyalty in return
  • Life shaping events: Great Depression, WWII, Radio, and Movies

Born 1946-1964 Baby Boomer

  • Workaholics, Competitive
  • Values individuality; Driven by goals for success
  • Work ethic=hours worked vs. monetary rewards
  • Believes in team work
  • Values human relationship building
  • Expects loyalty from coworkers, Communicated phone or face-to-face
  • Career = Identity 
  • Wants work life balance 
  • Sacrifice for success; motivated by company loyalty
  • Duty to Employer
  • Life shaping events: Vietnam, Civil Rights Movement, Watergate

Born 1965-1980 Gen X (MTV Generation)

  • Self-reliant, Works hard/Plays hard; informal
  • Values control over his/her life; desires work-life balance
  • Questioning; Believes in production over tenure
  • Most loyal employees
  • Ethnically diverse; accepts diversity
  • Wants open communication; via phone or face-to-face
  • Values control of his or her time; Resistance to change
  • Invest loyalty in a person not an organization
  • Risk Averse
  • Highly educated
  • Life shaping events: AIDS epidemic, dot.com boom, fall of Berlin Wall

Born 1981-1996 Gen Y (Millennial)

  • Image conscious, competitive, idealist
  • Needs feedback and reinforcement, seeks responsibility
  • Values instant gratification; salary isn’t everything
  • Changes job often
  • Team oriented; civic-and-open minded
  • Wants communications: IM’s, texts, and emails
  • searches for others to help achieve his/her goals
  • Wants job that provides personal fulfillment and development, challenges growth
  • searches for ways to shed stress
  • Racial and ethnic identification less important
  • Life shaping events: Columbine; 9/11; Internet; Iraq and Afghanistan Wars

Born 1997-2010 Gen Z) (iGeneration)

  • Independent; less idealistic; entrepreneurial
  • Values and mobilizes around causes, including global
  • Seeks recognition for work well done
  • Prefers to do it alone (autonomy)
  • Gender and ethnicity indifferent 
  • Wants face to face communication but is attached to social media accepts different opinions and dialogue
  • Expected skills training that will allow advancement; Tech savvy
  • Doesn’t see price value of formal education; Self Learner
  • Focuses on job and financial security
  • Pragmatic and analytical; Prefers to control own life
  • Life shaping events: Great Recession, iPhone, Myspace, Youtube, Facebook

Reference

Dunn, R. (2022). Dunn & Haimann’s Healthcare Management

  1. Madison’s post

In order to be a successful healthcare manager in today’s world, they must be compliant with including workers from multiple generations. This can be extremely difficult as one generation is used to doing it one way while the other likes it a different way. It is important to realize what it takes to help reduce stress within each generation and find common ground in the middle with all parties so nobody is made uncomfortable by a shift in technology or something similar. It is also important to recognize the feelings that each generation differs in, as well as race and ethnicity and make sure all employees are on the same page about being respectful to all races and setting in stone quickly that any type of disrespect towards a specific race will not be tolerated. Finally, it is crucial to make sure that each person has a way they feel comfortable completing their job or having access to different resources needed to ensure their job is done effectively. As an example, as my job we have many different generations working on the afternoon shift. For scheduling, an email, Facebook group chat, and a printed copy is all posted and given out to ensure that each person has access to the schedule and open shifts the way they like and feel comfortable with. 

Born from 1925-1945 Silenter-traditionalist 

  • Respectful to authority, and hardworking
  • Values duty and sacrifice
  • values accountability 
  • likes practical experience 
  • Work ethic=timeliness and productivity
  • Strong interpersonal skills and willpower
  • Promotions and recognition come with the job
  • Values academic credentials
  • Accepts limited resources
  • Loyal to employer,  expects loyalty in return

Born from 1946-1964 Baby Boomer

  • Workaholics and competitive 
  •  driven by goals for success
  • Work ethic=hours worked vs. monetary rewards
  • Believes in team work
  • Values human relationship building
  • Expects loyalty from coworkers, communicated phone or face-to-face
  • Careers are their identities
  • want a work life balance 
  • Sacrifice for success; motivated by company loyalty
  • duty to their employer 

Born from 1965-1980 Gen X “MTV Generation”

  • Self-reliant, work hard play hard 
  • Values control over his/her life wants a work-life balance
  •  Believes in production 
  • Most loyal employees
  • Ethnically diverse
  • Wants open communication
  • Values control of his or her time
  • resistant to change
  • Invest loyalty in a person not an organization
  • Risk averse
  • Highly educated

Born from 1981-1996 Gen Y- Millennial

  • Image conscious and competitive 
  • Needs feedback and reinforcement
  • Values instant gratification
  • Changes job often
  • Team oriented
  • Wants communications usually via cell phone or email 
  • Searches for others to help achieve his/her goals
  • Desires a  job that provides personal fulfillment and development
  • Searches for ways to reduce stress
  • Racial and ethnic identification is less important

Born from 1997-2010 Gen Z-“iGeneration”

  • Independent
  • Values and mobilizes around causes, including global
  • Seeks recognition for work well done
  • prefers autonomy 
  • Gender and ethnicity indifferent 
  • Wants face to face communication but is attached to social media
  • Tech savvy
  • Doesn’t see price value of formal education
  • Focuses on job and financial security
  • Pragmatic and analytical

Dunn, R. (2022). Dunn & Haimann’s Healthcare Management. Health Administration Press. 

  1. Professor’s post ( Questions for me)

Thank you Genesis,

Describe any positive reactions you may have experienced in one of your performance appraisals?

What was it based on?

John

  1. Meaghan’s post

Per Dunn and Haimann there are two types of motivational theory. One being Content Theory (Need Theory): Is the theory that individuals are motivated by needs. The other one being Process Theory: is the theory that individuals are motivated by equity and expectancy. They desire equal compensation and treatment (equity) and expect to be rewarded for their effort (expectancy). I don’t think that I can pick just one. I think for a place too be successful they would use both motivational theories.

For Content theory or need theory there is a need for anything required, desired, considered useful for obtaining an item, feeling, and status etc. (Dunn, 2021). With that being said, Employers need people to work and want to work, and employees need money to get things and further education this is just an example. If you look at Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs you can see that the two top brackets self-fulfillment, achieving potential and self-image, achievement, and competence. In healthcare you work as a team in every department because you have patients counting on the team of people to take care of them. Helping save lives everyday is a self image, achievement, and self fulfillment. Then you have process theory which I think is more about behavior. You do need to act a certain or professional way to have the outcome or goals you desire to get done. If you want to be in management you have to know how to react to things and keep your behavior professional at all times. You also have to show you are a hard worker, reliable, consistent. I think showing you are a well mannered and behaved person who can get the job done shows you get should get equity and expectancy. I really do think needs and behavior go hand in hand. You need them both to succeed in anything you want to do and for an organization to be successful. 

References:

Dunn, R. (2022). Dunn & Haimann’s Healthcare Management. Health Administration Press. 

  1. Erin’s post

Dunn and Haimann  state that while there are “several ways to interpret the concept of motivation; two of the major categories of contemporary motivational theories are content theory and the process theory” (2021)  Content theory is also referred to as need theory and is that an individual’s needs motivate them.  A need can be different things to each individual and can include items, status and feelings.  The other is process theory which evaluates the reason an individual chooses a specific behavior in order to accomplished their intended goal and then assesses their level of satisfaction afterward.  This theory emphasizes that “individuals are motivated by equity and expectancy” (2021).  If employees don’t feel a balance between the effort and the reward then they will not be motivated.

I do not think that there is a blanket motivational theory that works for every employee in every circumstance.  There are portions of each theory that are applicable but each may carry more significant weight at certain times.  A balance between aspects of each should be implemented and may need to be utilized differently with each employee What are your thoughts on pluralism? .  It is the manager’s responsibility to recognize the need of the individual and to alter the motivational theory as required in order for the employee to reach their full potential.

Reference

Dunn, R. (2022). Dunn & Haimann’s Healthcare Management. Health Administration Press

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Department Stores in the U.S

Module 2 – CaseSWOT ANALYSIS Assignment Overview

For the Module 2 Case, we will be formulating a SWOT analysis of Target. 

Case Assignment

Go to IBISWorld in the Trident Online Library. Enter the term “Department Stores in the U.S.” After you have familiarized yourself with the IBISWorld contents (be sure that you review all pages on the retail industry), perform some additional and more current research in the library on Target Corporation (use trade journals, newspaper articles, and magazines). Review the company’s most recent 10-K report as well and provide the following in your 5-page paper.  

  1. Perform an assessment of Target’s external environment, identifying key opportunities and threats, by doing the following:
    1. Complete an analysis of Target’s external environment using Porter’s Five Forces.
  2. Using the Function Approach to Internal Analysis, identify key strengths and weaknesses at Target by performing an in-depth internal analysis of the company. Use what you have learned in previous courses to perform your analysis. At a minimum, evaluate the following functional areas:
  3. Accounting/Finance: Include your analysis of at least three key financial ratios. If you need a resource, see: 

Rist, M. & Pizzica, A. J., (2015). Financial Ratios for Executives: How to Assess Company Strength, Fix Problems, and Make Better Decisions. Chapter 1: Ratios Overview. Available in the Trident Online Library. 

Rist, M. & Pizzica, A. J., (2015). Financial Ratios for Executives: How to Assess Company Strength, Fix Problems, and Make Better Decisions. Chapter 2: Ratios Description. Available in the Trident Online Library.

  1. Marketing
  2. Human Resources
  3. Operations Management
  4. Technology
  5. Logistics

Assignment Expectations

  • The minimum length requirement for this Case Assignment is 5 full pages (excluding Title and Reference pages), to include 3 scholarly sources.
  • Provide an APA-formatted title page. Use the APA 7 Template
  • The 5 full pages will include an introduction, body of work with 3 scholarly sources cited to support your work, and a conclusion (that aligns with your purpose statement, summarizes each section, and then wraps up into a final thought).
  • Provide an APA7-formatted References Page (See APA 7 “References” section at https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/ ).

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Explain your reasoning, and cite Bauer and Erdogan (2012) or Griffin (2007)

Module 3 – SLPJOB REDESIGN

As with the Case Assignment, make sure you have thoroughly reviewed the background readings and understand the key concepts of job redesign and job crafting. Then think about your own job and workplace and how these concepts apply to your own work life. Once you have finished reviewing the background readings and have carefully thought about how these concepts relate to your own job, write a 2- to 3-page paper answering the following questions:

  1. Of the three main types of job redesign (job enlargement, job rotation, job enrichment), which one do you think would be the most effective in your current workplace? Explain your reasoning, and cite Bauer and Erdogan (2012) or Griffin (2007) as part of your answer.
  2. Suppose your supervisor decides to use job enrichment to redesign your job. Of the five core job characteristics discussed in Bauer and Erdogan (2012) or page 9 of Griffin (2007), which one do you think should be changed as part of your job redesign?
  3. Which specific job crafting strategy or intervention do you think would be most effective at your organization or for your specific job? Refer to one of the specific strategies or interventions discussed in Wrzesniewski (2014) or Dik and Duffy (2012).

SLP Assignment Expectations

  • Answer the assignment questions directly in 2 to 3 written pages.
  • Stay focused on the precise assignment questions; don’t go off on tangents or devote a lot of space to summarizing general background materials.
  • Make sure to use reliable and credible sources as your references. Articles published in established newspapers or business journals/magazines are preferred. If you use articles from the Internet, make sure they are from credible sources.
  • Citation and reference style instructions are available at Trident University’s Introduction to APA Style, 7th edition . Another resource is the “Writing Style Guide,” which is found under My Resources in the TLC portal

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Porter’s Five Forces or PESTLE have impacted your chosen industry.

SLPSWOT ANALYSIS

For purposes of the Module 2 SLP, you will continue as an expert in the field of Strategic Management. In this assignment, you will blog about some aspect of the external environment of an organization, providing examples based on current events you have found in a recent article in a trade journal, newspaper, or magazine (e.g., the Wall Street Journal, The Economist, Business Week, or Forbes).    

Hint: Visit either ProQuest or EBSCO-Business Source Complete in the library. Choose an industry that is of interest to you and find a recent article related to how one or more of Porter’s Five Forces or PESTLE have impacted your chosen industry. You may want to type in a specific force as a keyword (e.g., Social, Economic, Legal, Threat of Entry, Competitive Rivalry, Suppliers, Buyers, etc.). Be sure to click on “Trade Publications,” “Newspapers,” and/or “Magazines.” You may also select a specific company and discuss how a force (or forces) in the remote or industry environment have (for better or worse) affected that company. 

For example, you might find a recent article related to how the fiercely competitive nature (one of Porter’s Five Forces) within the soda industry has affected the market share of such major retail company players as Amazon or Walmart. Or you might find an article that evaluates how a new law or regulation (in the remote environment) has impacted the healthcare industry. 

Remember that you are playing the role of a Strategic Management blogger who is conveying to the public how environmental forces (whether remote environment or industry environment forces) are affecting a particular industry.   

Your main article(s) for your blog entry must be no older than 12 months. You may, of course, use older sources to support your discussion and analysis; however, the current event article serving as the main focus of your paper must be no more than 12 months old. 

SLP Assignment Expectations

  • The minimum length requirement for this SLP Assignment is 3 full pages (excluding Title and Reference pages), to include 2 scholarly sources.
  • Provide an APA-formatted title page. Use the APA 7 Template.
  • The 3 full pages will include an introduction, body of work with 2 scholarly sources cited to support your work, and a conclusion (that aligns with your purpose statement, summarizes each section, and then wraps up into a final thought).
  • Provide an APA7-formatted References Page (See APA 7 “References” section at https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/ ).
  • Upload your paper to the SLP Dropbox before the assignment due date.
  • Proofread your work.

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Gain global health perspective of public health topics and to learn how to write a public health goal statement

The purpose of this assignment is to gain global health perspective of public health topics and to learn how to write a public health goal statement.  See link below for a list of countries/health topics (no other alternative countries/topics allowed).  Students will then write a brief paper fulfilling all of the requirements below.

You must choose a topic from this list.  No other topics will be allowed (Topics attached in file)

Technical Requirements:

  • 500-750 words (not including in text citations or reference list)
  • Double-spaced, 12 point Times New Roman font, 1” margins, essay format
  • Less than 20% of the word count should be direct quotes
  • Submit to the correct link in assignments. This uploads your paper to TurnItIn a plagiarism detection device. See plagiarism information under Institutional Policies.
  • Correct spelling, grammar, and sentence structure
  • Use APA referencing style. Must cite all sources of information. See APA Style Citation Guide in Canvas.
    • Do not need to include APA formatting (for example, title page, running head, or abstract)
  • All information must be accurate
  • Use current (within 10 years), peer-reviewed journal articles (example: Journal of the American Medical Association) or non-partisan data (example: World Health Organization). Be wary of non-credible sources or biased sources.
  • 1 reference must be a peer-reviewed journal article published within the past 10 years
  • All information must be from reputable and reliable academic sources
  • Note: Governmental publications, such as the MMWR, are credible but do not qualify as peer-reviewed journal articles. Peer-reviewed journal articles are externally reviewed for accuracy and content.
  • Students who submit a paper written on a topic other that one approved/assigned by the instructor will automatically receive a 50% point deduction.

Content Requirements:

  • Background information about the country in 1 paragraph (This is your introduction paragraph)
    • Include at least 3 different pieces of background information that are relevant to public health.
    • These 3 pieces of background information should be related to social, political, and economic determinants of health and how they contribute to population health and health inequities in your given country.
    • Some examples may include access to health services, population distribution by age, human rights and/or political issues, economic issues such as poverty, urban or rural distribution of population, social, religious, or cultural norms as it pertains to your topic. The connection to your topic should be made obvious.
    • This section should not deal directly with your health problem. Rather, it should help the reader understand your country from an outsider’s perspective, yet be relevant to public health, in general.
  • Brief description of the health problem in 1 – 2 paragraphs
    • First, define the health problem
    • Second, include risk factors (causes) and consequences (effects) for the health problem, specific to your country.
    • Last, include at least 2 pieces of epidemiologic data published within the past 10 years on the health issue and within the country of interest, which may include incidence rates, prevalence rates, and/or death rates. These two pieces of data should take the form of numbers.
    • At least one reference for this section must be from a peer-reviewed journal article published within the last 10 years.
  • Brief description of prevention strategies in 1 paragraph
    • Include at least 1 primary, 1 secondary, and 1 tertiary prevention strategy for this health issue in your country.
    • Identify each prevention strategy as primary, secondary or tertiary prevention.
  • Create an original goal statement (1-2 sentences) that addresses a way to improve the health problem/improve health. It must follow the structure as described below by being concise, measurable, specific, and realistic.  In addition, it must include the following:
    • Who is the target population? All citizens of country does not represent a specific target population.
    • What is the health problem? Choose just one problem to address in your one
    • How much change (represented by a percent) do you anticipate? Tip: A 10% change within 10 years is a realistic goal for developed nations, such as the U.S. If your country is developing, then you may expect less change in 10 years.
    • By when will the change occur? This should be represented by a specific end date, not a range.
    • Realism. If you are unsure about a goal’s realism, I recommend you review goal statements from Healthy People 2020: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/
    • Example goal statement for the problem of Hearing loss among German elderly adults, leading to social isolation: Our goal is to improve the identification of hearing loss in elderly adults. German adults between the ages of 70 – 85 (who) will experience an increase hearing screenings (what) by 10% (how much) within the next 10 years (by when).
    • Notice the goal statement includes the 4 required components: who, what, how much, and by when. It is also realistic.
  • Conclusion paragraph: Now, we want to look more broadly at the impact of globalization on global burdens of disease.
    • Describe the impact of globalization on worldwide population health, broadly, not just specific to your chosen country or health issue.
    • Describe how globalization helps and hinders health.

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How unique do you consider the human interface design guidelines for a Website to be from general application design guidelines?

Using your study of chapters 11 and 12 of Modern systems analysis and design and class discussions, review the applied case study “Petrie Electronics” as shown on page 435. Answer the following questions with details and propose clear solutions in 2-3 APA-formatted pages:

Visit the Nielsen Website and update PE Figure 12-1 based on guidelines and articles posted since this list was compiled. Add only elements you believe are essential and relevant to the design of “No Customer Escapes.”

How unique do you consider the human interface design guidelines for a Website to be from general application design guidelines? Justify your answer.

Search for other Web-based resources, besides the Nielsen Website, for Website design. (Hint: Look at the references at the end of this and prior chapters.) In what ways do the design guidelines you find contradict your previous answer? Explain the differences.

This chapter introduced the concepts of loyalty and trustworthiness as necessary for customers to interact with a Website. What elements could be added to a customer loyalty site such as “No Customer Escapes” to improve the levels of loyalty and trustworthiness of Petrie’s customers?

Valacich, J. S., & George, J. F. (2019). Modern systems analysis and design (9th ed.). Pearson. Print ISBN: 978-0135172759 eText ISBN: 978-0135172841

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